Handwriting Blog Header Image

Learnigo Product Feature: Handwriting Program

Learnigo’s Handwriting Program

Handwriting is fundamental to education, and its mastery is vital for a child’s academic achievement. Fundamentally, writing is a motor activity. It evolves from movement and is refined through practice. This is how we develop graphomotor skills.

Handwriting legibility, participation, and performance impact academic progression, as this skill is used throughout children and teen’s educational careers and beyond. By supporting foundational handwriting skill development, we are aiding in molding this tool used for the rest of their lives.

The Learnigo Handwriting Program was created to help develop these foundational stages of handwriting progression. Our online activities and printable worksheets focus on refining visual motor integration, grasp, visual perceptual and fine motor skills for pre-writing. The program is a precursor to skills such as tracing, copying, or writing individual letters or words.

The Formula For The Development of Graphomotor Skills Can be Represented as:

Basic Concepts Related to Motor and Manual Functions

  • Gross motor skills: Movements and coordination of the whole body. Key abilities include maintaining balance and synchronizing limb movements during actions like walking, running, or biking.
  • Fine motor skills: Nuanced control over hand movements, speed, and precision. These skills are indispensable for tasks like self-care, drawing, and writing.
  • Visual-motor coordination: Integration of visual and motor functions. This involves synchronizing  visual, tactile, and kinesthetic data, enabling activities such as drawing and writing.
  • Reduced manual dexterity: A delay or deviation in hand motor skills. Characteristics include a delay in mastering praxis (movement planning and execution) and diminished motor efficiency, especially in making small, exact movements. Signs include slow mastery of self-care tasks, misuse of tools, improper grip of writing utensils, and subpar handwriting quality.
  • Spatial orientation disorders: These manifest as challenges in differentiating the left and right sides of one’s body or understanding spatial directions (e.g., left, right, up, down).
  • Dysgraphia: Challenges in learning the proper technique and form of writing.

The Stages of Writing Development

Writing can be said to develop in the following stages:

1) Scribbling

2) Developing concepts for linearity, shape, and directionality

3) Gradual production of letters

4) Combination of letters

5) Writing isolated words

6) Combining words to write phrases and sentences

7) Learning the rules of punctuation

8) Learning and practicing different writing forms (e.g., stories, letters, etc.).

These stages are not exclusive; there may be some overlap and/or differentiated progression depending on the child.

It is more important to pay attention to the following signs that may indicate delayed fine motor coordination and visual motor skills:

  • Weak hand grasp on writing tools. 
  • Weak arms or core required for gross motor skills (play ground, PE class exercises, sports, etc.)
  • Decreased endurance for coloring, drawing shapes, copying letters, etc. (e.g., child complains of hand pain, or is not able to perform for age-appropriate length of time)
  • Switching hands during writing/drawing tasks.
  • Not having a dominant hand by ages 4 or 5
  • Poor formation of pre-writing shapes, depending on age-level 
  • Difficulty using scissors for age-appropriate activities in home or school
  • Poor hand-eye coordination, such as ball-handling skills
  • Writing or drawing with very light or very hard pressure 
  • Hyperextension of hand joints

If a parent or teacher is concerned with a child’s fine motor or visual motor skills, please seek professional advice from a pediatric occupational therapist for a thorough evaluation.

Signs of a child’s readiness for writing include:

  • Fluid drawing without undue tension
  • Efficient pace when replicating movements
  • Proper spatial orientation and sequencing
  • Appropriate perception when recognizing and replicating graphic symbols
  • Translating static images into dynamic movements
  • Eagerness to tackle and diligently complete tasks
  • Sustained attention and resilience when addressing challenges
  • The ability to self-assess and critique one’s work

Tips to improve pre-writing skills

Supporting your child or student’s handwriting skills can be fun and engaging. Please note some activities are dependent on age for appropriate developmental level, comprehension, attention, and safety.  Here are some tips to practice and enhance pre-writing skills:

Pre-writing shapes: Have your child/student copy vertical lines, horizontal lines, circles, diagonal lines, squares, etc. Have your child/student trace these pre-writing shapes. Make it fun and engaging by using multisensory media, such as chalk, a whiteboard, paint, kinetic sand, shaving cream, etc, to make shapes

Coloring/drawing: Have your child/student sustain grasp on writing tools to fill-in pictures or draw images to strengthen grasp and fine motor skills. Some ideas include: trace pictures, complete color-by-number activities, sketch objects, copy a pattern, finish half a picture to look like the original side, etc. 

Grasp/hand strength: Help develop your child’s grasp and hand strength by using small writing utensils such as broken crayons for coloring. Develop grasp patterns by using tongs,tweezers, or clothespins to pick up small objects like mini erasers or pom poms. Use putty or play-doh to hide beads or small objects to find, and have your child pinch,pull, roll out or use cookie cutters for designs!

Visual Motor Coordination: Work on developing hand-eye movements for improved fluidity and fine motor precision through activities such as connect-the-dots, mazes, cutting shapes (straight and curved lines, circle, squares),  or tracing letters/numbers and shapes. 

Fine motor: Develop grasp, coordination, and manual dexterity with activities such as building and interlocking toys, buttoning/zippers, lacing, stringing beads, and simple crafts with cutting and gluing. Having children help with home activities is a great option for developing fine motor and daily living skills, such as: wiping down countertops, simple cooking tasks (mixing bowl, opening containers, measuring ingredients, etc), sorting or folding laundry, vacuuming, cleaning dishes, etc.

The Learnigo Handwriting Program

Learnigo’s Handwriting Program is designed to practice developing pre-writing and visual motor skills for children ages 3 and up. The activities are online, meaning that children can easily work on pre-writing skills on-the-go, while strengthening their visual motor skills via single digit isolation, hand strength, hand-eye coordination, and navigating through each activity screen.

The program includes:

  • Over 800 systematically organized interactive exercises, such as line drawing, drawing from a pattern, and shapes.
  •  Supplementary printable worksheets and activities to switch modalities, additional practice, and homework.. Age-adjusted questionnaires to help with the prevention, screening, and intervention of these skills for children diagnosed or presenting with deficit areas found with dysgraphia and dyslexia. 
  • Easy access on any device that supports internet access (no app or download required!).
  • Flexible use for 1:1, small groups, in the classroom, therapy room, at home, and on-the-go.  
  • Customizable practice such as: providing hints, decreasing options to minimize distractions and a progress panel.
  • Adaptable and versatile design, including written and recorded instructions, to accommodate all learners. The Handwriting program is designed to be adjustable to student needs, where exercises can be completed in any order, with the teacher or therapist selecting the type, order, level of difficulty, and amount of activities completed.
  • Executive functioning skills supported throughout the program, such as sustained visual attention, multi-step directions, auditory processing, sequencing and timing.

Learnigo’s Handwriting program was created based on the belief that children can learn and practice their skills within meaningful, engaging contexts via activities and games. The activities motivate the child to complete the task and learn while having fun.

Below are some examples of activities from the Learnigo Handwriting program

Handwriting Program example activity with Elephant
Handwriting Program example activity with a Cat

Our comprehensive Handwriting program provides interactive exercises, colorful illustrations, and age-appropriate demands within the context of engaging activities such as puzzles, coloring, mazes, drawing, shapes, etc. These activities can be used for both 1:1 and group settings, to help create diverse and motivating learning opportunities to accommodate the needs of the school-aged population in a convenient, accessible way!

We invite you to try our free 30-day Trial! There, you can sample some of the activities in worksheets included in the Handwriting program.

Access the free Handwriting lesson plan here!

If you want more personalized help, schedule a 1:1 call with our product consultants, who can show you the features of Learnigo, help you choose what’s best for your practice, and answer any questions!

We’d love to hear from you! Let us know what you like (or where we can improve) at feedback@learnigo.com.

Stay in touch by signing up for our email list to receive the latest updates such as new programs, freebies, and promotions.

Follow our socials for more updates:


DeFord, Diane E. “Young Children and Their Writing.” Theory Into Practice 19, no. 3 (1980): 157-62. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1477090.

Taverna, Livia, Marta Tremolada, Barbara Tosetto, Liliano Dozza, and Zanin Scaratti Renata. “Impact of Psycho-Educational Activities on Visual-Motor Integration, Fine Motor Skills and Name Writing among First Graders: A Kinematic Pilot Study. Children 7, no. 27 (2020): 2-16. doi: 10.3390/children7040027.